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When To Pick Poblano Peppers

Like the cayenne, jalapeno, serrano, and habanero peppers, poblanos offer just the right amount of zest to give dishes a little heat without being overpowering. The poblano pepper plants are a terrific addition and simple to grow, even though we usually plant bell peppers, jalapeno peppers, and banana peppers.

Poblano peppers are dried (ancho chiles) and powdered, and the popular peppers are used to prepare Chiles Rellenos. They have a delicate flavor with a mild undertone of spice that becomes sweeter when cooked. So, when growing, it’s essential to know when are poblano peppers ready to pick.

Luckily, growing poblano pepper isn’t too much of a challenge. In our guide, you can learn more about when are poblano peppers ripe. By the end, you’ll know more about the peppers, plant care, and when to harvest poblano peppers. (Learn How Long To Run Soaker Hose For Tomatoes)

Growing poblano pepper

What Is a Poblano Pepper Plant?

Vegetable plants called poblano pepper plants (Capsicum annuum) produce dark green peppers that turn red poblanos as they ripen. When you have ripe peppers, the yellow or orange poblano peppers take on a deep, rich color akin to the green poblanos.

Their name comes from the Mexican state of Puebla, where people originally produced and farmed these plants. The peppers’ nutritional composition contains capsaicin, potassium, vitamin A, and vitamin C. They are a staple in both Mexican cuisine and Thai.

How Hot Is a Poblano Pepper?

A fully mature poblano pepper doesn’t taste hot like other peppers such as serrano or jalapeno peppers, but their mild heat is slightly hotter than Anaheim, bell, and banana peppers.

Poblanos fall between those ranges on the Scoville scale, which rates pepper heat from 1,000 to 2,000 Scoville heat units (SHU).

Compare this to other common pepper types used in Mexican dishes, such as Chile pepper and cayenne rank between thirty thousand and fifty thousand, and jalapeño peppers between three thousand and eight thousand, while habaneros rise above one hundred thousand of the same units.

Growing Poblano Pepper Plant Tips

Under the proper circumstances, poblano pepper plants are simple to grow. To take care of and grow these peppers, follow these seven tips:

1. Add organic matter:

To prevent weeds and promote healthy vegetable growth, mulch should be spread out around your poblano plant area during the growing season. After a month and a half in the soil, feed the plants with organic fertilizer.

2. Fend off pests:

Aphids, cutworms, and hornworms are problems that poblano pepper plants frequently encounter. Keep a watch out for these insect attackers, and if they start to take your plants, apply a pesticide.

3. Peppers need light:

This type of pepper cultivation requires as much direct sunlight as possible. They need heat and light to thrive, so if you’re growing them indoors, ensure the windows are open or plant them in a bright sunny spot in your garden.

4. Harvest as they grow:

You’ll know when to harvest poblano peppers as you can pick them as they are growing. Poblano peppers will continue producing healthy peppers as you harvest. However, it isn’t wise to pick all the crop when picking poblano peppers off the plants.

5. Maintain moist soil:

Make sure the soil is moist enough for your plants without drowning the surrounding environment. Leave them to enjoy the natural moisture in the ground and only water them when the soil appears to be getting too dry.

6. Watch the climate:

Because poblano pepper seeds aren’t particularly hardy, plant them at least two to three months before the season’s last frost date. Temperatures at night should ideally not go below 60 degrees Fahrenheit.

How To Use Poblano Peppers

Poblano peppers can be used in many dishes if you grow a plant and harvest the chiles it produces.

Consider these three straightforward poblano pepper dish suggestions:

1. Chiles rellenos:

Chiles Rellenos dishes are frequently made with stuffed poblanos as the base. Cream cheese, pork, and other zingy foods can be placed within these peppers to enhance, balance, and complement the natural flavor and spiciness of the plants. (Learn How To Acidify Soil For Blueberries)

2. Dried ancho chiles:

Ripened red peppers become ancho peppers once they are dry. These dried ancho peppers make for a tasty snack or can be a helpful ingredient in ground chili powder.

3. Mole sauce:

This recipe for a thick, hot Mexican sauce has numerous variants. For instance, guacamole is an avocado-based mole sauce. You may be sure that these broiled peppers are the main component if the sauce is labeled mole poblano.

Other examples are where roasted peppers are made into a salad dressing.

Harvesting Poblano Pepper

Harvesting Poblano Pepper Plants

If you believe that the grocery store is the only location to find fresh poblano peppers, you must be mistaken.

Like many other peppers, poblano plants are simple to grow in your backyard garden.

When to Pick Poblano Peppers?

You decide to grow your poblano or ancho chili peppers at home but are unsure when they are ready to harvest. Here’s when to work out when your peppers are ready to harvest.

There are many hybrid and heirloom varieties of the poblano pepper plant (Capsicum annuum var. annuum ‘Poblano’), which is a hot pepper, yet, these hot peppers only deliver mild heat.

When you grow peppers, the poblano seeds take two weeks to germinate and can produce fruit at around 65 days during the growing season.

1. Growing:

Following are instructions to grow poblano peppers early from seeds and transplant them to the garden.

Start your poblano seeds indoors by planting seeds in starting trays or pots ten weeks before the last frost.

After planting the pepper seeds in the potting soil 1/4 inch deep, lightly spray them with water, and place them in a warm, sunny area.

Before transferring the red poblano peppers seedlings into the garden, harden them off outside for a week or two when they are five to six inches tall. Wait until the soil temperature is between 60 and 75 degrees Fahrenheit.

Pepper plants want direct sunshine to thrive, so choose a location with direct sunlight and rich, well-draining soil.

Space the pepper plants 12 to 24 inches apart, and immediately water and cover the earth with a layer of mulch to retain the moisture.

2. How to Care for Poblano Pepper Plants

Your plants require adequate care following their planting in patio or garden pots.

Give your green poblano peppers a water-soluble fertilizer six weeks after you transplanted the poblano peppers outside.

Water the young plants an inch every week or as needed to keep the ground moist but not soggy.

Watch for garden pests like cutworms and aphids. If you see them moving around, take them out by hand and, if necessary, use insecticidal soap.

3. When to Harvest Poblano Peppers

Knowing when peppers are ready can be an exciting time. So, here’s more about when to harvest poblano peppers, and you might see, when harvesting poblano peppers, how many peppers you can expect to harvest.

When are poblano peppers ready to pick? Examining these chilies’ size and the color is the simplest way to tell whether they are ripe. Pick them when they are a rich, deep green color with a glossy sheen and are four to six inches long.

Poblano peppers should be harvested when they are red for a pepper that is spicier and tastier. Harvest the peppers by cutting the stems away from the main plant using a sharp pair of gardening shears. (Learn How To Tell If A Zucchini Is Bad)

4. How To Store Poblano Peppers

It’s a good idea to discover how to store poblano peppers now that harvesting poblano peppers has left you with a bountiful yield.

Here are some tips for preserving peppers quickly and over a long period so that none of them go to waste.

If you intend to eat fresh poblano peppers soon, the refrigerator is the best way to keep them.

Keep whole peppers that haven’t been washed in the refrigerator’s crisper drawer for seven to ten days, and roast and peel peppers in a closed container for a few days.

If you have more peppers than you can eat, peppers can be frozen for extended storage after being cleaned and sliced into suitable size pieces.

They should be spread out in a layer on a baking sheet and placed in the freezer for a few hours to flash freeze. The frozen poblanos should be placed in a freezer bag and kept there for up to eight months.

Cream Cheese Poblano Peppers

Make Stuffed Cream Cheese Poblano Peppers

Besides the regular poblano peppers dishes, including Chile Rellenos, another tasty dish originated in the Mexican city of Puebla.

Here, you roast them and stuff them with cream cheese.


  • 4 poblano peppers
  • 4 oz cream cheese, softened
  • 1/4 cup shredded cheddar cheese
  • 1/4 cup diced red onion
  • 1/4 cup chopped bell pepper
  • 2 cloves garlic, minced
  • 1 tsp cumin
  • 1 tsp chili powder
  • Salt and pepper, to taste
  • Sour cream or hot sauce (for dipping)

Cooking Directions:

  1. Preheat your grill to medium-high heat.
  2. Cut poblano peppers in half lengthwise and remove seeds and membranes.
  3. Mix cream cheese, cheddar cheese, red onion, bell pepper, garlic, cumin, chili powder, salt, and pepper in a small bowl.
  4. Stuff mixture into poblano pepper halves.
  5. Grill the stuffed peppers over medium-high heat for 10-12 minutes or until the peppers are tender and the filling is hot.
  6. Serve stuffed peppers with a side of sour cream and chili pepper hot sauce for dipping.

When To Pick Poblano Peppers